The universe consists of five elements – Either, Air, Earth, Fire and Water and the human body is composed of a combination of them. These elements are further combined to form three principal bio-energies known as the doshas.

These doshas are vata, pitta and kapha. Their influence affects all mechanisms of the body. Most individuals have a predominant dosha, which determines their body type, constitution and temperament. The role of the Ayurvedic doctor is to assess the effects of the doshas and counter the influence of those which are harmful.
By mixing different pairs of the five elements, one arrives at the three doshas.

  • Vata is composed of air and space
  • Pitta is composed of fire and water
  • Kapha is composed of earth and water

These energies (doshas) move throughout the body and produce good and bad effects. The aim of Ayurveda is to bring them as nearly as possible into balance, the more balanced they are, the more healthy the individual is.

Recognizing Doshas

Doshas determine the individual characteristics of your constitution, type of illnesses that you are most likely to succumb to, and features and personalities that make you unique.

Interesting everyday observations that reveal the unique doshas.

At the Airport

Have you ever noticed?

Some passengers will be impatient and anxious, fretting and rushing around trying to find flight details – expressing a ‘Vata’ personality.
Others will be critical and angry, blaming the airline for incompetence expressing a ‘Pitta’ personality.While the rest will refuse to budge from their position, resigning themselves to the situation and patiently waiting for flight details – expressing a ‘Kapha’ personality.

Knowledge of your body type enables the Ayurvedic doctor to prescribe the right diet, physical activities and medical therapies ideally suited to you, ultimately helping you evolve to a more ideal state of health.

Identifying your dosha

What is your dosha-type? Which of these traits apply to you?
Take a look at the following characteristics and see which you ones you identify with most.

The predominantly Vata individual

  • A thin body which does not gain weight easily
  • Irregular hunger and digestion
  • Rough, dry skin
  • Cold hands and feet, dislike of cold climates
  • Light, disturbed sleep
  • Eats quickly and irregularly
  • Insomnia and restlessness
  • Enthusiasm, vivaciousness, imagination
  • Tendency to overexert
  • Quick to grasp new information
  • Tendency towards constipation
The predominantly Pitta individual

  • A medium built that is neither too light nor heavy
  • Medium strength and endurance
  • Sharp intellect
  • Enterprising personality that is precise and articulate
  • Aversion to hot weather, perspires easily
  • Fond of cold food and drinks, cool climates
  • Possess leadership qualities
  • Cannot skip meals
  • Tendency to get angry and irritable easily; sharp mind and speech
  • Intense hunger, thirst and good digestion
  • Resents wasting time, lives by the watch
The predominantly Kapha individual

  • Powerful built, great strength and endurance
  • Steady energy
  • Self-contained, does not swing to any extremes
  • Heavy bones
  • Thick, oily hair and skin
  • Tranquil, relaxed personality
  • Slow to grasp new information, but good retentive memory
  • Heavy, prolonged sleep
  • Tendency to obesity
  • Affectionate, tolerant and forgiving
  • Tendency to inactivity and complacency